- Written by Peter Marshall
Peter Marshall is a London-based photographer and educator whose work may be seen here and here. He also runs the extremely informative My London Diary site. This essay is taken from a presentation given by him in Poland in 2005.
Ray was born in Wallasey in 1920. His father was an architect, and both father and grandfather were keen amateur photographers. Ray started to use a camera to photograph architecture in his teens while studying at the Wallasey School of Art in 1937.
Probably few of you have heard of Wallasey, but you may well know of Liverpool, thanks to the Beatles, and have heard of the Mersey Ferry. Wallasey is where that ferry takes you. In the late 70s I went with Ray and a few others - including Mary Cooper who he would shortly marry - on that ferry back to his hometown.
After art school came six years in the Royal Air Force, which sent Ray to the Middle East, and he was not demobbed until 1946. In 1947 he went to the Royal School of Art in London, studying painting there for 3 years. In 1948 he met the painter with the slightly confusing name for this talk, Ray Howard-Jones, with whom he spent a number of summers painting together on the small island of Skomer, off the southwest coast of Wales. The island, about 2 miles long, is a now a wild-life sanctuary, of the most important seabird breeding sites in Europe, but until 1950 there was a single inhabited farm on it. The farmhouse was ruined in a storm in 1954. Together they painted the island and its ruins, and later, Ray Moore photographed them.
After graduating, Ray got a part-time job teaching lithography at Watford School of Art. While there he became aware of the work of photographers such as Edward Weston and the Subjektive Fotografie books by Otto Steinert and began to experiment with photography as well as painting. In 1956 he was asked to start a photography course there, so found he had to learn photography. Fortunately he turned to Ansel Adam's Basic Photo Course rather than one of the more purely technical British manuals. Almost 20 years later I too picked up a copy of ‘The Print' and taught myself how to go beyond the basics that were all that was usually considered necessary in Britain. I've long regarded this series as Adams's most important contribution to photography.
In 1959, a painter friend, Malcolm Hughs organised a show of his photographs in the architecture department of the Regent Street Polytechnic in London (incidentally where the very first photography school was set up in 1841.) This was the beginning of a long friendship with Eric de Maré, (1910-2002), widely regarded as the leading British architectural photographer of the postwar period, and a leading supporter of British functionalism. Together with de Maré and Edwin Smith, another leading architectural photographer, Ray was commissioned by publisher Gordon Fraser to produce a set of postcards of historic British buildings.
Ray had a show together with Malcolm Hughs and a sculptor at the AIA Gallery in London in 1962. The Artists' International Association had been founded in the 1930s to promote peace and oppose fascism, but had long lost its political aspect, though it remained an important artist run exhibition space. After the show, Ray saw from the visitors' book that Helmut Gernsheim had come to see his work, and wrote to thank him; Gernsheim asked Ray to come and show him some more work, and bought some prints, including those that appeared in the book. Some of Ray's prints were included in the Detroit show that the Gernsheim's organised from their collection in 1963, ‘Creative photography, 1826 to the present.'
Ray Moore's colour works do not particularly interest me, but they are of some historical interest, if only to remind us that photographers such as Ray (and many others) were using colour as a serious expressive medium long before the ‘New Color' of the 1970s. His work was also featured in one of the books much of my generation learnt photography from, Eric de Maré's paperback ‘Colour Photography'.
Further shows followed, including Modfot One in 1967, a touring show featuring 20 British photographers including Ray, Roger Mayne and Don McCullin as well as students from six colleges. This toured around Britain and in Europe, and Bill Jay edited a small publication on it as a special supplement to Camera Owner, the magazine that was to become Creative Camera.
In 1968, Ray got official recognition, when the Welsh Arts Council in Cardiff put together a touring show of his work, the first exhibition by a British Arts Council devoted to a single living photographer. The catalogue for the show was also the first publication devoted to his photographs. The same year, Creative Camera published a portfolio of his work, with a further 2 pictures from the show the following year.
Photography is about experiencing the place and the moment and learning how to share it with others. In the 1968 Welsh Arts council catalogue he quotes some lines attributed to the seventh-century Chinese poet Seng-Ts'an, from his 'Treatise on Faith in the Mind':
Follow your nature and accord with the Tao:
Saunter along and stop worrying.
If your thoughts are tied you spoil what is genuine.
Don't be antagonistic to the world of the senses,
For when you are not antagonistic to it,
It turns out to be the same as complete Awakening.
The wise person does not strive,
The ignorant man ties himself up...
If you work on your mind with your mind
How can you avoid an immense confusion?
In the same publication, Eric de Mare, writing about Moore, quotes Rilke:
Murmurs at every turn 'Remember me'.
Ray regarded the photographer as "an agent. Photographs happen through one, you happen to be there in a particularly sensitive condition and feel capable of receiving things and you operate the camera." He was "violently against ‘self-expression' that is self(conscious) expression", but believed that the self did - and had to - come in to pictures though the photographer being him or herself. "It's like the moment when you feel compelled to press the shutter - hopefully it's the same moment when you're in tune with yourself and the thing you photograph."
In 1970, Ray read a feature in an American magazine about Minor White. He was already aware of White's photographs, but the description there of White's ideas, especially his interest in Zen, excited him as they seemed so similar to his own views. On a sabbatical from Watford, he decided to go to America to visit White, and photographers Aaron Siskind and Harry Callahan, whose work he knew from in books. Ray stayed with White in America and they got on well; Ray saying "It came as something of a relief to find that people felt the same way as I did. I had been interested in Zen for a long time, even while I was a painter, and it was very exciting to see how this had been developed in photography."
Ray's work went down very well in America, and he was given solo shows at both the Art Institute of Chicago and George Eastman House in 1970, with a further show at a in Boston gallery in 1971. (Carl Siembab Gallery)
The Photographers' Gallery in London showed Ray's work in 1973. Creative Camera published more of his work in 1972 and 1973, and a ‘Retrospective' of 24 full-page pictures was the lead portfolio in the ‘Creative Camera International Year Book 1977' published in 1976.
By 1974, he was teaching at Trent Polytechnic in Nottingham, part of a Trent/Derby photography partnership lead by Paul Hill. In 1976, Paul set up a series of photography workshops at his country cottage which he renamed ‘The Photographers' Place. I read an account of a workshop there given by Paul Caponigro, decided it sounded interesting and booked the next available course I could attend. This was a workshop led by Paul Hill and Ray Moore.
There I found that Ray was not just a fine photographer, but also something perhaps even more rare, an inspirational teacher. That was the first of several workshops with him I attended, which set me more firmly on the road as a photographer. Since then I've attended a number of other workshops, but never one with a similar impact on me to Ray. Ray's whole approach to teaching was to look through the work to the person, and to teach the person to know and be themselves, and then to respond to the subject.
In 1978, Ray gave up teaching and devoted himself to photography, living on the Cumbria coast together with his young wife Mary Cooper. The following year I met him again at the opening of the show ‘Three Perspectives on Photography' at the Hayward Gallery in London. It was a rather dispiriting event looking at different current approaches - feminist, community photography and fine art, and mixing a little good photography (some in all areas) with overmuch polemic.
1981 was a better year, when Ray became the first photographer to have a major retrospective organised by the British Arts Council, again at their flagship Hayward Gallery. Together with Travelling Light, the publishing company run by former Creative Camera editor Peter Turner, they produced a publication of his work, ‘Murmurs at Every Turn'.
Bill Brandt had been given a retrospective at the Hayward in 1970, but that was organised by the New York Museum of Modern Art.
Two years later, a further book, ‘Every So Often' appeared, with his pictures from the late 1970s and early 1980s along the coast of Cumbria and a few in the south west of Scotland (he and Mary had by then moved to Canonbie in Dumfrieshire, just north of the Scottish border.) The was brought out by BBC North East and the North East Arts Council, together with a film of the same name.
In 1986, the British Council and the Birkstead Gallery in London organised the show called ‘49 Prints', of which seven are in the catalogue.
Following his death from heart failure in 1987, there was a memorial tribute in Creative Camera, and an exhibition of his work at the Houston Fotofest of 1990. There is one picture and a short perhaps rather grudging note on him in Aperture 113 ‘British Photography: Towards a Bigger Picture' (1988) by Mark Haworth Booth "His work developed into an intricate, understated art that seems particularly English in its simultaneous exploration of the photographic gray scale and the nuances of a predominantly northern (gray) climate, producing images that are at once down to earth, steeped in melancholy. And broken with serendipitous illuminations." His work was also included in the 1989 show ‘Through the Looking Glass: Photographic Art in Britain 1945-89' in London's Barbican Gallery.
Since then, relatively little has been heard or seen of his work. The British photographic establishment seemed by the time of his death to regard him as an unfortunate and rather embarrassing episode that was best brushed under the carpet. Many photographers who knew him or have come across his work in the few slim volumes, myself included, still regard him as a major figure in photography.
© Peter Marshall, from a talk given at FotoArtFestival, Bielsko-Biala, Poland, June 2005.